Use of children as ‘human bombs’ rising in northeast Nigeria

Young girls are most frequent victims
 
ABUJA / GENEVA / DAKAR / NEW YORK / SYDNEY, 22 August 2017 – UNICEF is extremely concerned about an appalling increase in the cruel and calculated use of children, especially girls, as ‘human bombs’ in northeast Nigeria. Children have been used repeatedly in this way over the last few years and so far this year, the number of children used is already four times higher than it was for all of last year.
 
Since 1 January 2017, 83 children have been used as ‘human bombs’; 55 were girls, most often under 15 years old; 27 were boys, and one was a baby strapped to a girl.  
 
The use of children in this way is an atrocity.
 
Children used as ‘human bombs’ are, above all, victims, not perpetrators. 
 
The armed group commonly known as Boko Haram has sometimes, but not always, claimed responsibility for these attacks, which target the civilian population.
 
The use of children in such attacks has had a further impact of creating suspicion and fear of children who have been released, rescued or have escaped from Boko Haram. As a result, many children who have managed to get away from captivity face rejection when they try to reintegrate into their communities, compounding their suffering.
 
All of this is taking place in the context of a massive displacement and malnutrition crisis – a combination that is also deadly for children.  There are 1.7 million people displaced by the insurgency in the northeast, 85 per cent of them in Borno State, where most of these attacks take place.
 
Northeast Nigeria is one of four countries and regions facing the spectre of famine, with up to 450,000 children at risk of severe acute malnutrition this year.
 
UNICEF is providing psychosocial support for children who have been held by Boko Haram and is also working with families and communities to foster the acceptance of children when they return. This includes providing social and economic reintegration support to the children and their families.
 
UNICEF also supports reconciliation activities in northeast Nigeria, led by respected community and religious leaders, including influential women, to help promote tolerance, acceptance and reintegration.
 
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UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do.  Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. 
 
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For more information, please contact:
Harriet Dwyer, UNICEF Maiduguri, +234 906 222 2215, hdwyer@unicef.org
Doune Porter, UNICEF Nigeria, +234 803 525 0273, dporter@unicef.org 
Thierry Delvigne-Jean, UNICEF West and Central Africa, +221 77 819 2300, tdelvignejean@unicef.org
Christophe Boulierac, UNICEF Geneva, +41 79 963 9244, cboulierac@unicef.org
Marixie Mercado, UNICEF Geneva,   +41 79 559 7172, mmercado@unicef.org
Charlotte Glennie, UNICEF Australia, +61 4 2040 7886, cglennie@unicef.org.au